Conflict also disrupts growth. Although many conflic

icts appear to have a religious or ethnic basis, some scholars believe their root cause may be economic, with ethnic divisio

s serving as a way to exclude other groups from access to scarce resources and opportunities. Whatever its so

urce, inequality of opportunity has a highly disruptive effect on governance and hence growth.

But these obstacles are not insurmountable. For one th

ing, developing countries now have huge potential export markets in middle-inc

ome countries, and no longer depend entirely on advanced economies for access to global markets.

Belt and Road can play vital development role

There is also a renewed awareness of the importance of infrastructure in e

nabling growth. In addition to roads, railways and ports, electricity and digital conn

ectivity are crucial. In this regard, the rapid expansion of cellular wireless technology, combined with the install

ation of high-capacity undersea broadband pipes around Africa, represents major prog

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Hospital head removed after 5 infants dieuthern Medical Uni

Liu Ruilin, Party secretary and president of Shunde Hospital of Southern Medical University, has been re

moved from his positions after five babies died and 14 fell ill during an enterovirus outbreak at the hospital.

The five newborns who died had other underlying diseases, such as pneumonia, before contracti

ng the virus, according to a statement from the Guangdong Health Commission on Saturday.

Thirteen of the sick babies have been discharged from the hospital, wh

ile the other one continues to be treated and is in a stable condition, the commission said.

An investigation determined that the case became serious becaus

e of the combination of the intestinal virus with lax hospital management.

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Most Chinese State-owned enterprises are not relevant to tra

ade negotiations. Many are in non-tradable sectors such as property develop

ment, infrastructure, or concrete. Others are basically public utilities in telecoms or power.

Some Chinese car companies are State-owned, usually by provincial govern

ments, but the car business in China is very highly competitive and foreign brands are very successful.

In any case, the continuing growth of an already large private sector should alleviate foreign concerns

about competing with State-owned companies.

During the George W. Bush administration, the US imposed tarif

fs on Chinese steel, arguing that State-owned companies had an unfair advantage. But, US ste

el companies also face higher costs because of increased environmental protection. China’s current emphasis on bu

ilding an “ecological civilization” means that that kind of polluting heavy industry will be less viable.

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China’s consumer inflation quickens tosumer price ind

China’s consumer price index (CPI), the main gauge of inflation, gr

ew 2.5 percent year-on-year in April, the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) said Thursday.

The reading, in line with market expectations, accelerated from the 2.3 percent gain in March and 1.5 percent in Febru

ary. On a monthly basis, consumer prices edged up 0.1 percent, compared with the 0.4 percent drop seen a month earlier.

NBS official Dong Yaxiu attributed the rise to higher prices of vegetables, pork and fruit, which ros

e 17.4 percent, 14.4 percent and 11.9 percent, respectively, from the same period last year due to tighter supplies.

Food prices, which account for nearly one-third of weighting in China’s CPI, went up 6.1 percent year-on-year.

Meanwhile, China’s producer price index (PPI), which measures inflation at the factory gates, rose

0.9 percent year-on-year last month, up from the 0.4 percent gain in March that showed improving market demand.

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plemented more favorable visa policies for Chinese student

he said. The report also found that studying overseas is no longer limited to wealthy fam

ilies, and the number of students from middle-class families studying overseas keeps growing.

According to the survey on parents’ professional backgrounds, most parents whose children prefer studying overseas hold o

rdinary positions at work, accounting for 43 percent of the total, up 14 percentage points from 2015.

Parents who are middle-level managers accounted for 35 percent, and those who are high-level executives accounted for 22 per

cent, the report said. The number of students studying overseas for master’s degrees continues to increase, a

counting for 70 percent of the total, up from 57 percent in 2016. They are studying ov

erseas to obtain higher academic qualifications and be more competitive in the domestic job market, it said.

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China’s tech heavyweights said the digital economy ha

s become a driving force behind economic growth, and interne

t companies should concentrate on making breakthroughs in core technologies.

“The country is narrowing the gap with developed countries, especially in autonomo

us driving, cooperative vehicle-infrastructure systems and intelligent transportation. We started a little late, but o

ur pace is faster and our potential is bigger,” said Robin Li, chairman and CEO of leading Chinese search engine Baidu Inc.

He noted that AI will have an impact on the internet and China should firmly grasp the historic opportuni

ties of AI, and the country’s efforts in technological innovations will begin gradually changing the world.

Pony Ma, chairman and CEO of Tencent Holdings Ltd, said the e-government is becoming the driving force for cons

truction of a digital China and high-quality social and economic development, and internet firms should co

nsolidate basic research and focus on making breakthroughs in core technologies.

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said that “all military units deployed in the eigh

The People’s Bank of China (PBOC), the central bank, has upgra

ded the fifth edition of the renminbi (RMB), the Chin

ese currency, and on Monday announced the issuing of the new batch from Aug 30.

The new issuance will include notes with a face value of 50 y

uan ($7), 20 yuan, 10 yuan and one yuan, and coins valued one yuan, 50 fen and 10 fen.

Compared with the current series in circulation, the new batch will see brighte

r colors and adjusted patterns with enhanced anti-conterfeiting feature, a PBOC official said.

The five-yuan note will not be in the upcoming issuance as new technologies on the note are still under testing. The 100-y

uan note was issued in November 2015, which has shown improved anti-conterfeiting capability, said the PBOC source.

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Xi stressed the importance of fulfilling bilateral and

 multilateral trade agreements, saying that Chinese people value a promise as much as tons of gold.

China pays close attention to building a law-based government, abolishing improper r

ules, subsidies and activities that undermine fair competition and treating all enterprises equally, Xi said.

The president highlighted building infrastructure of high quality, sustain

ability, risk resilience, reasonable pricing, inclusiveness and accessibility under the Belt and Road Initiative.

Infrastructure is a bottleneck in the development of many nations

, Xi said, and building infrastructure can help countries give full play to their ad

vantages in resources and better integrate into the global supply, industry and value chains.

Xi called on countries to uphold multilateralism, promote green devel

opment and fight corruption with zero tolerance in the process of building the Belt and Road.

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China does not own the Belt and Road Initiative. Nor doe

 it want to. From the start, Beijing has been accentuating the desirabi

lity of voluntary participation, consultations on equal footings, a joint construction proces

s and fair sharing of subsequent dividends.VLADIVOSTOK, Russia – Top leader of the Democratic People’s Rep

ublic of Korea (DPRK) Kim Jong-un arrived in Russia’s Far Eastern city of Vladiv

ostok in his train on Wednesday for the first meeting with Russian President Vladimir Putin on Thursday.

Kim’s armored train stopped at the Khasan railway station

of the territory at 10:30 am local time (0030 GMT) and he was rec

eived by the territory’s governor Oleg Kozhemyako, Russian Minister for the

Development of the Far East and the Arctic Alexander Kozlov, Russian Deputy For

eign Minister Igor Morgulov, and Russian Ambassador to the DPRK Alexander Matsegora.

“I am glad to be on Russian soil,” said Kim, according to the pr

ess release. Kim said that this will not be his last trip to Russia.

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After making a couple of reconciliatory gestures, suc

ch as freezing nuclear and missile tests and demolishing some test sites, Pyongyang want

s something in return. Which is not unreasonable, but so far has not been forthcoming.

Washington should not anticipate Pyongyang denuclearizing in a wholesale, one-off mann

er. After all, its nuclear missile programs are the sole bargaining chip it has in its hands.

Rather than surrender its nuclear arsenal in a wholesale manner, it is in Pyongyang’s best inte

rests to turn its engagement with Washington into an arms control regime between two nuclear states.

It may be that a third Trump-Kim summit happens. But meaningful hea

dway in denuclearization entails more than what the two sides appear ready to offer at the moment.

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